- Breast biopsy
- Breast augmentation
- Breast reduction
- Laparoscopic gallbladder
- Laparoscopy (diagnostic)
- Laparoscopic tubal ligation (Only at Wadley Regional Medical Center)
- Total abdominal hysterectomy
- Total vaginal hysterectomy
- Robotic hysterectomy
There are many choices to make in reconstructive surgery, depending on your situation. Reconstruction of a breast that has been removed due to cancer or other disease is one of the most rewarding surgical procedures available today. New medical techniques and devices have made it possible for surgeons to create a breast that can comes close in form and appearance to matching a natural breast.
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become more porous, gradually making them weaker, more brittle and prone to fracture. Many women first find out they have osteoporosis after breaking a bone following a minor injury.
Today, one out of every two women and one in eight men over the age of 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. So what are the risk factors for osteoporosis? Women who are postmenopausal are at an increased risk for osteoporosis. The following factors can add to the risk of developing osteoporosis:
- Caucasian or Asian descent
- Thin or small build
- Previous fracture
- Family history of osteoporosis
- Early menopause (before age 45)
- Inactive lifestyle
- Certain medications, including chronic use of steroids and thyroid hormones
- Alcohol use
- Inadequate calcium intake
- Low estrogen level
The most exact way to measure bone density is by a DEXA-scan (dual-energy x-ray). The Dexa-scan can show whether you are at risk for a fracture. If you have already broken a bone and your doctor thinks you might have osteoporosis, the test can confirm the diagnosis. This test is done by aiming a low dose x-ray at the most vulnerable areas for bone loss in the hip and spine. If a person is diagnosed with osteoporosis, there are treatments and diet or lifestyle changes that can stop or reduce the progression of the disease and strengthen the bones.
Osteoporosis screening is covered by most insurance policies and by Medicare. The screening requires a physician, nurse or physician assistant order. Appointments for osteoporosis screening are available by physician referral to our Outpatient Scheduling Department at (903) 798-8900.
Menopause is a normal part of life. It marks the end of a woman's menstrual periods and her ability to become pregnant (without assistance from technology). Menopause is a process that usually begins 2 to 5 years before a woman's last menstrual period, and it is completed when 1 full year has passed without a menstrual period.
Menopause occurs when the amount of hormones in a woman's body, particularly estrogen declines. Decreasing levels of estrogen cause many of the long-term health problems (such as heart disease and osteoporosis that can occur after menopause).
Endometriosis is a condition in which cells that look and act like the cells that line the uterus endometrical cells are found in other locations in the body. These cells can attach to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or outer surface of the uterus, the bowels, or other abdominal organs and, rarely, can attach outside the abdomen. The places where the cells attach are called implants and lesions.
Endometrial cells that are found outside the uterus respond to hormones released during the menstrual cycle in the same way as endometrial cells that are located in the uterus. At the beginning of the normal menstrual cycle, when the lining of the uterus is shed and menstrual bleeding begins, these abnormally located cells may swell and bleed.
The body responds to the swelling and bleeding by surrounding the cells with scar tissue. During the menstrual cycle, the scar tissue may become red, swollen, and painful. As the scar tissue increases, it can form adhesions that cover and bind the abdominal organs. Adhesions can interfere with an organ's normal function.
Laparoscopic tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that is meant to permanently prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. Wadley Regional Medical Center is the only hospital in Texarkana to provide this procedure.
The procedure requires a small incision in the abdominal area near the navel and sometimes a second small incision near the pubic hairline. The surgeon inserts a slender instrument (laparoscope) and seals the fallopian tubes so that eggs can no longer pass through to become fertilized. The procedure takes about 20-30 minutes and the patient rests in a recovery room for 1-2 hours.
Ultrasound examinations are completely harmless since high-frequency sounds waves are used rather than radioactive rays. As the transducer, a microphone-like instrument, passes over the breast tissue, sound waves are bounced back to a sensor within the instrument and the internal structures of the breast are visualized. Ultrasound examination is used to confirm or rule out a possible abnormality on the mammogram. The ultrasound accurately locates and correctly distinguishes the makeup of a lump more than 95 percent of the time.